My Prime 5 Takeaways from Six Considering Hats by Edward De Bono

My Prime 5 Takeaways from Six Considering Hats by Edward De Bono

“Are you able to advocate a e book for…?”

“What are you studying proper now?”

“What are your favourite books?”

I get requested these kinds of questions loads and, as an avid reader and all-around bibliophile, I’m at all times joyful to oblige.

I additionally wish to encourage folks to learn as a lot as doable as a result of data advantages you very like compound curiosity. The extra you be taught, the extra you understand; the extra you understand, the extra you are able to do; the extra you are able to do, the extra alternatives you need to succeed.

Actually, if there’s one frequent denominator amongst all of the folks I’ve identified who’re efficiently navigating the complexity and chaos of life, it’s perpetual studying. That’s how they’re capable of keep away from blunders, exploit alternatives, and maximize outcomes.

So, in case you’re a bookworm looking out for good reads, or in case you’d wish to get into the behavior of studying, this text is for you. 

Additionally, you probably have a e book suggestion of your individual to share, don’t be shy! Drop a remark down beneath and let me–and the remainder of us “e book clubbers”–know!

Okay, let’s get to the featured e book: Six Considering Hats by Edward De Bono.

The premise of this e book is straightforward: When most of us take into consideration one thing, we attempt to do an excessive amount of on the similar time. We search for data. We think about emotions. We wish new concepts and

choices. We play satan’s advocate. We hunt down advantages. We come to conclusions.

That’s the psychological equal of making an attempt to juggle six balls—doable, however quite tough. If we deconstruct this course of, nevertheless, and monotask as an alternative—toss up one ball at a time—we are able to markedly enhance the standard of our considering and deductions.

Because the title of the e book implies, the writer spotlights six kinds of considering, and he makes use of coloured hats to represent every:

  1. The white hat, which is anxious with goal information and figures.
  2. The purple hat, which provides the emotional view.
  3. The black hat, which is cautious and cautious. It factors out the weaknesses in an thought.
  4. The yellow hat, which is optimistic and covers hope and optimistic considering.
  5. The inexperienced hat, which signifies creativity and new concepts.
  6. The blue hat, which is anxious with management, the group of the considering course of, and the usage of the opposite hats.

Because the picture signifies, the e book teaches you how one can “put on” the completely different “hats” in your considering by explaining how and why to assume in several instructions, one after the other. 

For instance, in case you needed to debate together with your associate whether or not you must take a job supply or begin a enterprise of your individual, you may begin with the blue hat and outline your present scenario and what you wish to obtain on this considering session (a particular subsequent step, as an example), after which don the purple hat to share any emotions which will get in the way in which of different modes of considering, after which have interaction in some white, inexperienced, yellow, after which black hat considering for every of the alternate options, and at last, wrap up with one other spherical of blue hat considering to place collectively an summary of what has been achieved and what the following steps are.

And though the e book is written primarily to be used in group settings and most of the examples relate to enterprise, I’m that includes it right here as a result of I discovered the data and method beneficial in my particular person and private deliberations.

Let’s get to the takeaways.

Six Thinking Hats

My 5 Key Takeaways from The Six Considering Hats


“Considering is the last word human useful resource. But we are able to by no means be happy with our most vital ability. Regardless of how good we turn into, we must always at all times wish to be higher. Normally, the one people who find themselves very happy with their considering ability are these poor thinkers who consider that the aim of considering is to show your self proper to your individual satisfaction.”

My Notice

The flexibility to assume properly is likely one of the most vital “meta-skills” or “grasp expertise” we are able to develop as a result of it prompts and magnifies so many different vital expertise, even different meta-skills like observing, studying, remembering, imagining, deducing, and speaking.

Considering can be a inventive exercise on the identical order as creative actions, and because of this perfection is inconceivable. Simply as a portray, tune, or essay can at all times be extra exact, stunning, or evocative, so can an thought, plan, answer, and so forth. at all times be extra insightful, sensible, or elegant. However in contrast to portray, singing, or writing, our prospects in life rely drastically on our skill to assume. Good considering is conducive to creating good selections which can be conducive to dwelling a great life. And so if we wish to maximize our skill to dwell properly, we should frequently work to refine our skill to assume properly by common research, calculation, and reflection.


“Life has to proceed. It isn’t doable to take a look at every thing with the rigor demanded of a scientific experiment. So in apply we set up a kind of two-tier system: believed information and checked information.”

My Notice

This distinction between believed and checked information is significant to good considering. Think about for a second what number of issues you understand due to firsthand verification quite than secondhand instruction. The reality is many and even most of our assumptions about, properly, nearly every thing are believed information, not checked ones.

There’s nothing improper with this, after all—we solely have time to examine so many information. “The artwork of life,” Justice Holmes as soon as mentioned, “consists in making right selections on inadequate proof.” 

Severe issues come up after we can’t distinguish between believed and checked information, nevertheless. When too many believed information are misfiled as checked ones, and after we refuse to overview and revise them it doesn’t matter what we see or expertise, or worse, after we fastidiously filter our observations and experiences to protect our cognitive established order, we are able to lose our skill to efficiently navigate actuality.

Take the Covid vaccine, as an example. Right here’s a standard dialog I’ve had with many zealous members of the Church of the Masked Covidians: 

“The vaccine is protected,” certainly one of them says.

“What do you imply by ‘protected’?” I ask.

“The possibilities of severe unwanted side effects are extraordinarily low.”

“How are you aware that?”

“The science says so.”

“How are you aware what ‘the science’ says? Have you ever reviewed it your self?”

“No, however I belief those that have reviewed it.”

“So that you consider the vaccine is protected based mostly on the data that has been introduced to you.”

“. . . No. It’s protected. The science says so.”

“However you didn’t overview the scientific information your self not to mention take part within the investigations that produced the information. So how are you aware what ‘the science’ says?”

“As a result of the specialists who investigated it say it’s protected.”

“So that you consider the vaccine is protected based mostly on the claims of sure specialists.”

“. . . No. It’s protected. I belief the science.”

Such stupidity is gobsmacking and says volumes about how unwilling many individuals are to even try and assume critically about something apart from . . . perhaps . . . who to draft in fantasy sportsball, which wine to pair with dinner, and what to look at on Netflix.

I’m positive there are numerous causes we’re all susceptible to one of these dogmatic considering, however the need to keep away from uncertainty is probably going an enormous one. “Sure” and “no” present safety and luxury whereas “perhaps” and “in all probability” are slippery and treacherous. However they’re additionally a extra correct reflection of actuality, which appears to operate like a quantum computational machine that frequently manifests actualities which can be chosen from a mess of mutually unique and sometimes contradictory future potentialities with ever-shifting chances. 

And so if we wish to bodily work together with actuality extra successfully, we should attempt to mentally work together with it extra successfully, and that requires shifting away from monochromatic considering and towards polychromatic considering.

Additionally, be aware that in such exchanges, I’m not even claiming the vaccine isn’t protected, solely that we don’t know whether or not it’s or isn’t in the identical means that we know what we had for breakfast immediately. As a substitute, we consider (or select to consider, actually) it’s or isn’t protected based mostly on many elements together with our observations, our most well-liked sources of knowledge, our angle towards officialdom, our angle towards Covid, our social teams, our need to adapt, our non secular beliefs, our social and political inclinations, and extra. 


“But any good resolution should be emotional ultimately. I place the emphasis on that phrase ultimately. When now we have used considering to make the map, our selection of route is decided by values and feelings.”

My Notice

In the end, we solely take selections and programs of actions that we really feel are proper, so there’s no sense in making an attempt to smother the emotional element of considering and try “pure considering.” Actually, if we consider our considering is supremely rational and uninfluenced by emotion, that solely means we’re supremely unaware of how a lot our emotions truly mould our considering (and the way a lot we in all probability use “logic” to rationalize our emotional compulsions).

The issue, then, isn’t permitting feelings to affect our considering however, to make use of the metaphor of this e book, it’s permitting the “purple hat” (feelings) to dominate our considering and routinely overpower and override the contributions of the opposite hats, together with information and knowledge (white hat), risks and obstacles (black hat), advantages and potentialities (yellow hat), and plans and alternate options (inexperienced hat).

By short-circuiting considering like this, we are able to keep away from the psychological discomfort of getting to face information and concerns which can be opposite to our usually cryptic needs, and we are able to even delight within the perversity of proving to the rational critic in us simply how impotent it’s to affect our actions. However that is merely self-sabotage.

In my very own considering, the perfect I attempt towards is most alignment between my feelings and rational concepts that when acted upon will outcome within the most quantity of fine for me, my household, my teams, different folks at giant, the atmosphere, and every thing else my conduct can affect, even when not directly and remotely.


“Instinct will be handled as one may deal with an adviser. If the adviser has been dependable prior to now, we’re prone to pay extra consideration to the recommendation provided. If instinct has been proper on many events, we could also be extra inclined to hearken to it.”

My Notice

I’ve at all times tended to downplay or not even seek the advice of instinct in my considering, and as an alternative, I’ve centered on creativeness, information, evaluation, perspective taking, and different psychological processes that assist in considering. And perhaps that’s as a result of after I was youthful, I merely didn’t place a lot worth or belief in my feelings till that they had been subjected to lots of skepticism. Briefly, I felt like my instinct was warped. Typically it labored properly, typically it didn’t, and typically it didn’t appear to work in any respect. It merely wasn’t a dependable information.

Now that I’m older, nevertheless, and no less than a little bit wiser and extra emotionally and psychologically mature, I ought to in all probability permit instinct to issue extra into my considering. I don’t see any hurt in permitting instinct so as to add some brushstrokes to the cognitive canvas, so lengthy it isn’t allowed to run amok.


“The ultimate resolution is predicated on a mix of white hat (information), yellow hat (advantages), black hat (warning) and purple hat (instinct and feeling).”

My Notice

It is a good abstract of fine resolution making. It includes producing concepts based mostly on verified information and information which have clear and certain advantages that clearly outweigh the probably disadvantages, and that produce optimistic intuitions and emotions that minimally embody confidence and hope. 

That final level of manufacturing optimistic emotions is one thing I’ve discovered to understand extra in my very own considering. Typically you understand you must or need to do one thing that makes you are feeling dangerous and so that you simply intestine it out, however usually, there are a lot of methods to skilfully clear up setbacks and exploit alternatives, and if we select a plan that doesn’t kindle us even a little bit, we gained’t execute it almost in addition to one other plan that does. 

Consider it like weight-reduction plan and coaching—regardless of how scientifically optimum a plan is, in case you dread each day of it, you’ll by no means have the ability to give it the extent of effort required to provide optimum outcomes. That is why I place lots of emphasis on discovering weight loss program and coaching plans that give you the results you want—that suit your objectives, preferences, and way of life. 

Have you ever learn Six Considering Hat? What did you assume? Have the rest to share? Let me know within the feedback beneath!

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